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Analysis of the dwarfing genes in the genotypes of bread wheat cultivars of Ukraine

Chebotar S.V., Börner A., Sivolap Yu.M.

 


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Varieties of winter common wheat widely used in breeding programmes for the period of 1912–2002 in Ukraine were investigated using both the microsatellite Xgwm261 marker linked with the gibberellin-sensitive dwarf gene Rht8 and the biochemical test for the sensitivity of seedlings to gibberellic acid. Allelic characteristics of the locus Xgwm261 have been determined for 97 varieties. Near 98 % of the modern varieties of winter common wheat derived from Odessa breeding institute and 50 % of the varieties derived from the Mironovka wheat institute possess the allel 192 n.p. and gene Rht8 correspondingly. Estimation of sensitivity of the seedlings to gibberellic acid showed that the majority of the varieteis cultivated in Ukraine until the middle of the seventies are sensitive to gibberellic acid. The insusceptibility to gibberellic acid is predominantly manifested in the varieties derived from the south of Ukraine since the eighties owing to the introduction of the dwarf genes into the genotypes. At the same time the varieties of the Mironovka wheat institute still retain the sensitivity.

Tsitologiya i Genetika 2006, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 12-23

E-mail: schebotar yahoo.com

Chebotar S.V., Börner A., Sivolap Yu.M. Analysis of the dwarfing genes in the genotypes of bread wheat cultivars of Ukraine, Tsitol Genet., 2006, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 12-23.




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