TSitologiya i Genetika 2021, vol. 55, no. 2, 15-23
Cytology and Genetics 2021, vol. 55, no. 2, 117–124, doi: https://www.doi.org/10.3103/S0095452721020079

Realization of polyamines’ effect on state of pea stomata with involvement of calcium and components of lipid signaling

Kokorev A.I., Kolupaev Yu.E., Yastreb T.O., Horielova E.I., Dmitriev A.P.

  1. Dokuchaev Kharkiv National Agrarian University, p/o Dokuchaevske-2, Kharkiv, 62483 Ukraine
  2. Karazin Kharkiv National University, 4, Svobody sq., Kharkiv, 61022, Ukraine
  3. Institute of Cell Biology and Genetic Engineering of NAS of Ukraine, 148, Akademika Zabolotnoho Str., Kyiv, 03143, Ukraine

SUMMARY. Polyamines are stress plant metabolites with a wide range of physiological effects. Their effect on the functioning of the respiratory system of plants remains poorly understood. The aim of the study was to use the inhibitory analysis to investigate possible participation of different pools of calcium and lipid signaling components in the implementation of the effect of putrescine and spermine on the aperture value of the stomata of pea leaves (Pisum sativum L.). It was shown that the epidermis incubation in the presence of both polyamines within the concentration range of 0.25–5 mM caused a decrease in the stomatal aperture. This effect was observed within 1 h after the start of incubation and was most pronounced after 2.5 h exposure in a medium containing 1 mM putrescine or spermine. In the presence of the calcium channel blocker LaCl3, the effect of polyamines on the state of stomata was weak, partially neutralized by the extracellular calcium chelator EGTA, however, they were completely eliminated by the phospholipase C inhibitor neomycin. The effect of putrescine and spermine on stomatal aperture was not detected in the presence of n-butanol, an inhibitor of phospholipase D-dependent phosphatidic acid formation, but not with its inactive isomer butanol-2. The obtained results point to the possible role of calcium entry into cytosol from intracellular compartments, and the importance of signaling intermediates formed with the participation of phospholipases C and D in the implementation of the stomatal effects of polyamines.

Keywords: polyamines, stomata, calcium, lipid signaling, Pisum sativum

TSitologiya i Genetika
2021, vol. 55, no. 2, 15-23

Current Issue
Cytology and Genetics
2021, vol. 55, no. 2, 117–124,
doi: 10.3103/S0095452721020079

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