TSitologiya i Genetika 2021, vol. 55, no. 6, 60-71
Cytology and Genetics 2021, vol. 55, no. 6, 548–557, doi: https://www.doi.org/10.3103/S0095452721060049

Nitroprusside sodium as the indicator of tomato plants resistance to bacterial agents

Kolomiets Yu.V., Hryhoriuk I.P., Butsenko L.M., Yemets A.I., Blume Yu.B.

  1. National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, 15, Heroiv Oborony Str., Kyiv 03041 Ukraine
  2. National University of Food Technologies, 68, Volodymyrska Str., Kyiv 03033 Ukraine
  3. State institution «Institute of Food Biotechnology and Genomics», NAS of Ukraine, 2a, Osypovskoho str., Kyiv, Ukraine, 04123

SUMMARY. Nitroprusside sodium is a well-known donor of nitrogen oxide, used in plant production. However, the issue of using nitroprusside sodium to protect vegetables from phytopathogenic bacteria has not been sufficiently highlighted. This review is aimed at generalizing the data about the impact of nitroprusside sodium on vegetables under the effect of bacterial pathogens. The scientific data demonstrate poor active control of nitroprusside sodium over phytopathogenic bacteria due to its direct effect on bacterial cells. At the same time, nitrogen oxide plays a key role in the growth and development processes and protective mechanisms of plants. Nitroprusside sodium is characterized by its ability to induce systemic resistance in tomato plants, which is accompanied with the expression of enzymes and genes, related to protection, enhanced accumulation of phenolic compounds, synthesis of cellular wall components, overexpression of signaling molecules, phenols, flavonoids, callose, and lignin molecules on early stages of the invasion of pathogens. On later stages of bacterial infection development, it impacts the pe-roxide oxidation of lipids, the content of proline and chlorophyll in plants. Therefore, nitroprusside sodium may be a promising agent to control bacterial diseases, which acts as a stimulator of specific responses of tomato plant resistance.

Keywords: nitroprusside sodium, nitrogen oxide, reactive oxygen intermediates, systemic induced resistance, bacterial diseases, phytopathogenic bacteria, tomatoes

TSitologiya i Genetika
2021, vol. 55, no. 6, 60-71

Current Issue
Cytology and Genetics
2021, vol. 55, no. 6, 548–557,
doi: 10.3103/S0095452721060049

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